Becoming a mother is the happiest moment of a woman’s life. A Healthy and smart baby is the dream of every parent. We find some kids smart and intelligent from birth and some seem to be dull. A lot of research has been done to find out why and a number of ideas were also given for improving the intelligence of the baby in-utero.
An age old thinking and procedure followed by many people to make children learn how to talk and identify objects is by saying something and making them repeat it and also by showing a picture or a toy to children and making them recognise it. Children have a very sharp memory and we sometimes see them remember some incidents that happened at age 2 or 3. This does not happen with all children but with a few exceptionally gifted ones. Researchers say a child’s subconscious memory does not just start after birth but it can be written from the time he entered the womb.
When you read something you can understand by separating the words and the spaces between words. But, when you speak the listener has to separate the words to understand. Then, how do babies segment the words from the stream of words they listen? In a research done to know more about how babies acquire knowledge of their language and how parents can help them in this task many interesting facts have come to the surface.
Parents and caregivers play a crucial role in a baby’s brain development. Recent research also found that mobiles too play a key role in their growth and language recognition.
How do babies learn:
By third trimester ears of foetal baby are sufficiently developed and the language learning process begins then only and the intonation patterns of mother’s speech are transmitted through the fluids of womb. The baby starts recognizing the mother’s voice pattern by the time of birth due to his ability to identify the intonation patterns. Babies start learning language by listening not to individual words, but to the rhythm and intonation of the speech stream. Babies like exaggerated type of baby talk and pay more attention when parents talk in a higher and wider pitch compared to the normal adult-like speech. Singsong style also holds baby’s attention longer and this makes it easy for them to pick language chunks.
Role of mobiles in baby learning:
Researchers found that 31 percent of babies of a chatty mum are less prone to speech delays. They also found that women who talk on mobiles during pregnancy have more advanced kids. These kids by the time they are 3 years are found to have less difficulty to learn a language and will even be able to use simple and small sentences. 18 percent less coordination problems and 14 percent less grammar problems was seen in these kids. A mother who talks a lot on mobile may also talk to her baby from the time she is pregnant and this helps in their brain development.
How to help them to learn to talk:
As radiation of mobiles are harmful to the babies, mothers can instead talk to their babies in a singsong style and slowly, as babies process language more slowly than adults and thus making it easy for them to catch the language. By doing so a baby will be more familiar with their mothers language.
The more often a baby listens a word like a repeated word the more easy it becomes for them to segment from a stream of words we speak, and will develop a stronger representation to frequently used words.
Positive points of Baby Talk:
It is not just a way of engaging with kids but also aids in language implication from the moment of newborn life.
- Slower speech, repetition of words and pitch modulations allow babies to process language.
- Exaggerated way of talking provides optimum input for language recognition and learning.
- After birth reading bedtime stories boosts their brain power.
- By 18 months age striking differences were seen in language processing skills and vocabulary.
- Chatting with newborns helps them to know the rules and rhythms of a language at early age.
- Repetition helps remember words and relation between words.
- Helps them think about past and future.
Development pattern of a child is more likely to be realised by parents who talk to them from the beginning.